Olsson, Hagar

(1893-1978)
   A Finland-Swedish critic, novelist, short story writer, essayist, and dramatist, Olsson grew up in the Aland Islands and Karelia, after which she went to Helsinki to attend the university. She quickly embarked on a career in journalism and became a literary critic in Helsinki's Swedish-language press, in which capacity she became very helpful to the young poet Edith Soädergran.
   Olsson s earliest novels are apprentice pieces. However, important themes emerge as early as in her literary debut, Lars Thorman och doden (1916; Lars Thorman and Death), in which both fear of death and an interest in mysticism are evident. The second theme is strongly present in her third novel, Kvinnan och naåden (1919; The Woman and Grace), in which the story of the biblical Hannah and her son, the prophet Samuel, is retold. Other novels, such as Mr. Jeremias soker en illusion (1926; Mr. Jeremiah Seeks an Illusion), Pa Kanaanexpressen (1929; On the Canaan Express), and Det blaåser upp till storm (1930; A Storm Is Brewing), show that Olsson had not yet found herself as a novelist.
   The partly autobiographical novel Chitambo (1933), on the other hand, which depicts the development of a young woman, introduced a figure that from then on was to be a strong presence in Olsson's fiction. Träsnidaren och doden (1940; tr. The Woodcarver and Death, 1965) pays homage to Karelia, much of which had just been taken by Russia. Her shorter prose work Kinesisk utflykt (1950; Chinese Excursion), as well as the tales in Hemkomst: Tre beraättelser (1961; Homecoming: Three Tales), Droämmar (1966; Dreams), and Ridturen och andra beraättelser (1968; On Horseback and Other Stories), feature young women as protagonists.
   Olsson also wrote drama. Hjaärtats pantomim (1927; The Pantomime of the Heart) shows influence from German expressionism.In S.O.S. (1928) the inventor of a superpowerful poison gas is accused of being unpatriotic when he destroys the gas s chemical formula, while Det blaå underet (1931; The Blue Wonder) dramatizes the conflict between different political positions—liberalism, communism, and fascism—within a single family. In Roävaren och jungfrun (1944; The Robber and the Maiden) there is yet another young woman who embodies the hope for the future, while Kaärlekens doäd (1952; Love s Death) shows that the malaise of the time was caused by human selfishness.

Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater. . 2006.

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  • Hagar Olsson — (* 16. September 1893 in Kustavi; † 21. Februar 1978 in Helsinki) war eine finnlandschwedische Literaturkritkerin, Übersetzerin und Schriftstellerin, die dem finnlandschwedischen Modernismus zugeordnet wird …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Olsson — ist ein schwedischer Familienname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Es ist ein patronymischer Name mit der Bedeutung „Sohn des Ole“. Varianten Ohlsson, Olson, Olafsson, Olofsson dänisch, norwegisch: Olsen, Olssen, Olafsen Unternehmen M O Ohlsson, 1805… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Olsson —   [ uːlson], Hagar, finnische Schriftstellerin schwedischer Sprache, * Kustavi (Finnland) 16. 9. 1893, ✝ Helsinki 21. 2. 1978; zählt zusammen mit Edith Irene Södergran, deren Freundin und literarische Nachlassverwalterin sie war, E. Diktonius, R …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Expressionism —    A movement in literature and art which has its origins in the German theater of the early 20th century, expressionism eschews realist representation in favor of a nonrealistic atmosphere. Expressionistic works tend to display a dreamlike… …   Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater

  • Theater —    During the Middle Ages, Scandinavian theater followed practices common in Europe at the time, with mystery and morality plays being performed in churchyards and marketplaces, and in connection with religious festivals. After the Reformation,… …   Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater

  • FINLAND, bibliography — Bibliographic Resources Screen, J. E. G. Finland. World Bibliographical Series 31. Oxford: Clio, 1981. Literary History and Criticism Ahokas, Jaakko A. A History of Finnish Literature. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1973. Andersson, Claes …   Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater

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  • Edith Södergran — circa 1918. Edith Irene Södergran (* 4. April 1892 in Sankt Petersburg; † 24. Juni 1923 in Raivola/Karelien) war eine finnlandschwedische Dichterin und Schriftstellerin. Edith Södergran gilt als Begründerin des finnlandschw …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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